Routine urinalysis (UA) test is done as a part of overall health check to test the content, appearance, and concentration of urine. This test helps doctors to diagnose the presence of any kind of urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes. It may also be used to test pregnancy. Doctors recommend this test for persons who show signs of kidney or urinary tract problems like back pain, abdominal pain, painful or frequent urination, and blood in their urine.
The sample of urine so collected is tested in three ways in a urinalysis- that is through the visual exam, microscopic observation, and dipstick test. In the visual exam, the lab technician or doctor checks the color and clarity. For persons who have blood in their urine, a Routine urinalysis (UA) will not let the doctor confirm any specific kidney disease or a blood disorder. For this more tests need to be done that will clearly specify the condition. Microscopic exam test the presence of RBCs, WBCs, Bacteria and crystals or mineral clumps that may be a sign of kidney stones. The dipstick test checks acidity or PH value, glucose, protein, WBCs, Nitrites, Bilirubin and blood in the urine. Based on the test report that may be normal or abnormal, your doctor would suggest you additional test or the best further course of action.